Define term paper
Every member of a college or university faces the task to deliver some basic types of written assignments. Some of them are handed in regularly throughout the semester, like essays, short stories, and various reports. While the other ones, as, term paper have to be delivered at the end of course as a summarizing research. To be more precise, a term paper is a type of written assignment that presents a summary of knowledge gained by the student throughout the semester or course.
It serves as proof that a person possesses deep knowledge of the subject. What is more, it shows the ability of a person to think critically and conduct a small research. It may also contain a mini statistical report, which also demonstrates the level of skillfulness of a student. All in all, this type of academic paper demands thorough preparation as well as spending long hours to produce proper and detailed final version. However, it is worth it, as a paper allows to estimate the work done during the whole course as well as the level of knowledge gained.
Term paper outline
Proper term paper compilation presupposes several standard stages. There is a couple of basic moments that should be preserved in both structure and content. To write course paper of a proper format one needs to have a deep understating of the very essence of this type of writing. A term paper is an assignment, which presents an individual scientific research based on the certain issue of a particular subject. The aim behind this type task lies in the consolidation of the information, received through the studying period.
Based on this work, it is easier for a supervisor to estimate the quality of knowledge the student as well as the ability to use it in practice while solving particular types of tasks. Topics for the term papers are to be discussed with the tutor or can be formulated by the student. The structure of the assignment includes a title page, contents, introduction, main body, practical part, conclusions, list of references and an abstract if it is needed. An abstract can include the materials, which has become the subject of research.
Here is the example of term paper outline. A standard outline format was established and accepted. The first thing you need to do after getting the topic of coursework is to choose the subject of your research. Depending on a discipline, it can be either a piece of literature or some statistical data. It can be a film, some scientific facts, etc. Next, you need to compose the content of the coursework and at this stage make sure that you coordinate it with your supervisor.
The plan of is a short description of its logical structure, which includes basic and significant issues as well as various classifications. Therefore, it is necessary to clarify the main sections, to define subsections that are divided into other smaller parts. Numbering them will be the best option. In the process of the analysis of the scientific literature, it is convenient to adhere to these figures. They serve as a marker of corresponding extracts or texts.
The standard amount of coursework is 25-30 sheets. Therefore, take into account that the topic cannot be widely covered. The plan should contain the main points on the topic. You have to focus on the central objectives that will allow covering not the whole topic, but the certain issue. The third step presupposes writing of an introduction. In the intro to work, the urgency of the problem, the degree of its development, methods of research are indicated. Bear in mind that the introduction and conclusion in their entire form are compiled based on the already completed course and thesis work.
Next, you have to move to the creation of the main body of your term paper. The main body of an average coursework includes two or three chapters, which reveal the theme of the paper comprehensively. Each properly formulated chapter has to be divided into logical parts. Every new paragraph has to contain approximately the same amount of sentences. Singling out the main theses is obligatory. Each of them should be supported by some evidential points. The material must be presented consistently and concisely so that one question logically follows from the other.
The fifth step presupposes implementation of the practical part. The last part is the conclusion (the formulation of brief, but capacious conclusions on the topic). The conclusion of the coursework contains a summary, the results of the solution of tasks, analyzed and discovered in work, a description of the contribution that your coursework has made to modern science. Compiling of the list of literature is also an important aspect.
Make sure that all the sources applied, and all the quotations are properly implied in the text. Then take care about mentioning the sources of these pieces of information in the list of references. The post-writing stage includes a review of the coursework by the supervisor, correction of shortcomings the proper formatting of the coursework by general standards.
Term paper examples
It is always good to see the general rules and demands in written form. However, their application in practice always differs. The sample is the best way to forecast possible tough things and pitfalls of this type of paper. Here the possible way of formulating of the main part is described. Most course works have a practical focus, which means they must include a chapter that presents the latest techniques, unique ways of certain author’s research, and, of course, the most experienced practical study.
In general, the main part of the coursework is divided into two – four sections. Each of them is divided, in turn, into paragraphs, which should not be more voluminous than chapters. For example, in the case where the main part of the project is divided into three parts, the volume of each of them can range from ten to fifteen pages. Proper format of the coursework implies a coherence between the items and sections.
The main topic of the project should not be duplicated in the names of chapters and paragraphs, whose formulation should fully correspond to the content, which they consist of. During the preparation of the material (search, sorting stage, and layout) and working on writing sections, subparagraphs, the author should not violate the logical relationship between these structural elements. However, it is significant to take care of the sequence of thoughts and creation of the laconic transitions between them.
It is desirable to present the selected material within three sections, the first of which is theoretical. This chapter is usually based on the analysis of research by both domestic and foreign authors. It is necessary for the student of the university to state the essence of the current problem, to investigate all possible approaches leading to its solution, to provide their evaluation and to substantiate the author’s point of view correctly.
Based on the results of the work carried out by the student, a unique development of a theoretical or conceptual approach to the indicated problem appears and a logically constructed justification of the methods for solving it. Do not forget that the material of the first chapter of the coursework should bear a logical connection with the subsequent chapters. The first chapter of the course is a methodological, theoretical foundation, underlying the study of the problem in question, the methods of solving it. It can include visual materials, as well as digital data, taken from official sources, links to other projects.
The second chapter of the coursework is analytical. Its structure entirely depends on the topic, goals, and tasks of the specific work. The analytical part of the course aims to detect factors that directly affect the analyzing processes accurately and scrupulously. The carried out analysis should completely correspond to the planned purposes, and the task declared in the introduction of the project. That is the most substantial point. One must justify recommendations, proposals aimed at improving the development of the object of research. A simple statement of the facts in the second chapter is not appropriate: it should identify the specific shortcomings and the reasons that served them, outline the most effective ways to eliminate them.
As stated earlier, the plot of experimental nature should be present in the course project. Usually, it is the third section of the course project, called the project section. In this chapter, where it is necessary to develop and justify ways and directions for solving the problem posed in the introduction, to give the best proposals and valuable recommendations leading to the improvement of the investigated processes. The third part usually contains information on the practical application of the results obtained, an assessment of their economic effectiveness. The third part of the coursework should not be extensive, but at its creation, the student must learn the basic methods of the science he studies.
The examples of formulation of the main body that is mentioned above in the form of the detailed description will become a handy tool